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Retinal Disease

What is Retinal Disease?

The retina is a thin layer of tissue on the inside back wall of your eye. It contains millions of light-sensitive cells connected with nerve fibers that receive and organize visual information. This information is sent to your brain by the optic nerve, allowing you to see.

Retinal diseases can affect any part of your retina. They can affect your vision and may cause blindness. Disease affecting the peripheral of your retina can affect your peripheral vision. Some diseases affect the part of your retina that serves your central vision (the macula and the fovea).

Cross-sectional of our eye:8_1

Many retinal diseases share some common symptoms and treatments. The main objectives of treatment are to stop or slow the disease and preserve, improve or restore your vision.

Retinal diseases can be related with ageing, diabetes or other diseases, trauma to the eye, or family history.


Some symptoms are:

  • Distorted Vision
  • Blurred Vision
  • Floaters (cobwebs or specks in your field of vision)
  • Flashing Lights
  • Dark Curtain (Retinal Detachment)

Our programme will screen and treat retinal tears and holes, and other retinal diseases.

Patients will be examined using special scopes to look for signs of retinal disease both in the centre and peripheral parts of the retina. Photography may be used to document the affected areas and special scans such as ultrasound scans or Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) may be used to measure the dimensions and define the nature of the disease.  Depending on the nature of the disease, treatment in the form of laser, injections and/or surgery may be recommended to improve vision or prevent disease progression